Decomposing Systems Illustrating the Utility of Distributed Energy Resources with Decomposition Techniques

Publication
2020 IISE Annual Conference

Abstract:

Distributed energy resources (DERs) have the potential to lower energy costs and increase energy resilience. However, they complicate the current energy system and can negatively affect a utility’s cost and reliability. Existing frameworks for modeling DER integration are complicated and lack clear insights. One approach to simplify the DER integration problem would be to use a decomposition technique. Decomposition techniques simplify models, make them easier to solve and provide clear and useful insights. Decomposing DER integration into a model with disjoint utility and community problems creates a clear, efficient, and decipherable model. In this study, I use a decomposition framework to investigate the benefits of DERs and their effects on utilities. My results show that DERs lower the overall cost of electricity, lower utility demand which forces utilities to raise prices, and that communities overcome intermittency by using the utility as backup power.

Keywords: Distributed, Energy Systems, Optimization, Decomposition

Erick Jones
Erick Jones
PhD Candidate

Erick Jones is a Ph.D. candidate in Operations Research and Industrial Engineering who develops multi-systems optimization models to analyze how energy systems, water resources, supply chains, urban space, and transportation networks operate in concert to influence economic and environmental well-being.